Cochlear implants for babies at age 1
Nationally, two to three of every 1,000 children are
born deaf or with very diminished hearing. About 28,000 young children
have been lucky enough to achieve the magic of hearing through a
cochlear implant. The Food and Drug.
Administration approves them for children as young as
At Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, doctors say
that the brain in very early childhood has a "golden window" when it's
most receptive to capturing the sounds of speech, and that window begins
to close at 18 months. Babies are born primed to learn language, but if
they're not exposed to it early, that window is almost closed by age
Adults who lose their hearing are quickly able to
make sense of the sounds produced by an implant. For children over age
five, it's more difficult.
The $100,000 cost of an implant is usually covered by
'Relaxation drinks' are popular but criticized
More than 70 new drinks are available and marketed as
stress busters in a bottle (or can). They go by names like Unwind,
iChill and the big seller, Drank.
Active ingredients vary from amino acid L-lysine,
which is found in green tea, and melatonin, used in sleep aids. They
come in 2-ounce shots to 12-ounce cans.
Sales are expected to grow by 38 percent this year.
Experts at Tufts University say there is no research
supporting the drink claims and if you want to relax, drinking a cup of
chamomile tea is probably better.
The drink industry claims a relaxation drink is a better alternative to
stress than pills or beer.
Early treatment reduces risk of HIV transmission
A nine-nation study finds convincing evidence that
HIV medicines don't just benefit the patient but may act as a preventive
measure by making them less infectious.
Early treatment meant patients were 96 percent less
likely to spread the virus to their uninfected partners, according to
the National Institutes of Health.
Doctors are urged to treat patients right away,
before they are too sick.
Don't eat an armadillo
Cases of leprosy are generally uncommon in the United
States. Most cases are among people who have traveled to other
countries. But recently, scientists were puzzled by reports of the
disease among people who hadn't traveled in areas where it is endemic.
After much study, they traced the source to
armadillos. Using genetic sequencing they matched up strains of
leprosy-causing bacteria from patients and several of the animals.
Armadillos are among the few creatures, other than
humans, that can carry the bug, according to a report in Time.
Patients had eaten armadillo meat.
How to keep cataracts away at an early age
The world's leading cause of blindness, cataracts
occur when the lens of the eye becomes clouded. In most cases, lens
fibers clump together due to age-related deterioration.
Cataracts, however, can develop in younger
individuals due to eye injuries, eye diseases or inflammation. Here are
six tips that can help delay or prevent cataracts from causes other than
1. Protect your eyes from trauma. An injury to the
eye can cause cataracts to form. Wear safety glasses when the situation
calls for them.
2. Protect your eyes from the side effects of
medications, including prolonged use of steroids, tranquilizers, and
psoriasis medications, which can cause cataracts when taken in large
doses over a long period of time.
3. Don't smoke, say doctors at the Mayo Clinic.
4. People with diabetes should keep their blood sugar
under control. Diabetics often get cataracts at an earlier age than
5. Protect your eyes from the ultraviolet rays of the
sun. They accelerate the development of cataracts. Wear
ultraviolet-protective sunglasses outside.
6. Antioxidant vitamins, such as vitamin C, vitamin E
and beta carotene, have been shown to slow the development of cataracts.
Get plenty of omega-3 fatty acids, which can help to shield your eyes