First-Aid in the sports world

First-Aid in the Classroom by Frank “Clubber” Hays

As an instructor or a student it is necessary to be aware of the importance of proper health care in the sports classroom. As well as on the playing field A medical emergency can happen anywhere! In the streets or in your home, and especially in the sports arena! That is why it important that the study of first-aid be included in any competent sports program Here I shall discuss the five most common of all sports injuries and the first-aid treatment to remedy the situation.

Treating Sunstroke and Heatstroke

Heatstroke is a dangerous medical condition requiring immediate medical attention

As you work out and exercise you discover exactly how hot you can become and how much you can perspire. This is normal in your daily exercise routine or your activities of daily living (A.D.L.) As you perspire more you are actually loosing water from your body and dehydrating. Simply by drinking some water when thirsty can Aleve any symptoms of dehydration And ward off health problems due to over exertion.

Heatstroke is a life threatening condition so you should seek emergency medical help immediately if you suspect you or your Comrades have heatstroke!

What is Heatstroke?

When you overtax your body or you become overheated. Your body has natural mechanisms to expel heat from your body and when these mechanisms are overwhelmed Your body naturally shuts down in an attempt to shun further damage from heat and exertion.

Preventing Heatstroke

When you are feeling flushed you should stop any exertion or exercise immediately. You should drink plenty of water before going outside, especially if it is hot. If possible you should take a source of water with you, Like an athletic water bottle. If it is hot you should wear loose and well-ventilated clothing. If it is a very sunny day you should wear a hat to block the sun. If it is a very sunny day you should wear a neckerchief around your neck.

Symptoms of Heatstroke

  1. Dizziness or feeling queasy.
  2. Confusion or disorientation.
  3. Feeling faint or extreme fatigue.
  4. Loss of Consciousness. (Worse Case Scenario)
  5. Hot or cold flashes.
  6. Fast hart beat.
  7. Pale or flushed skin.
Treatment of Heatstroke.
  1. Cool the victim down immediately. (Take them indoors or out of the sunlight)
  2. Remove any unneeded clothing from the victim to help them expel heat and cool down.
  3. Place the victim on his/her side to expose as much skin to the atmosphere as possible.
  4. Wipe the victim with a wet towel.
  5. Place Ice Bags under the sides of the neck, And under the armpits. (Areas close to the blood vessels)
  6. If the victim is conscious and can drink, give the victim water immediately.

Do talk to the victim of heatstroke to assess their symptoms and to get pertinent health and contact information. Do stay with the victim of heatstroke, and another person should seek emergency medical help.

Do Not!

Do not give the victim of heatstroke aspirin or any other medication! Do not immerse the victim of heatstroke in ice water. Do not give the victim of heatstroke water if he/she is unconscious.

How to treat sore muscles and tendonitis

To cure sore muscles you cannot beat the simple act of prevention! Simply by stretching your muscles before exercising can greatly reduce the soreness of your muscles after exercise And you can reduce the possibility of stress related injury to your body as well.

Once more we must stress that stretching and doing warm up exercises before doing strenuous exercises Can help ward off a multitude of health problems.

But for now lets discuss dealing with sore muscles. You can quickly rid yourself of muscle pain by applying an ice bag to the afflicted area. The cold will deaden the pain and contract the blood vessels in your muscles.

Taking a hot bath for sore muscles is an ancient practice and still works well today! Also a hot bath is good for stress and anxiety!

You can greatly reduce the pain of sore muscles by stretching your muscles slowly and allowing them to re-align Properly with your body Stretching slowly can help work out the pain in your muscles.

You may try massaging the sore area of the muscles. Simply by rubbing the area you can work out much of the pain.

Drinking water can help reduce the pain and injury of muscles by re-hydrating them. After all your body is 85% water. And by drinking water you can flush away any toxins collecting in your muscles Such as lactic acid.

Eating foods high in potassium is also fine for treating muscle pain. Lima Beans are a great source of potassium, and you can get a quick dose of potassium by eating a banana.

Simply by not using that muscle group can reduce the pain and allow the muscles time to heal. Rest and relaxation is often the best cure for sore muscles.

For sore muscles you may wish to take a break from sports training and exercise for a while. Giving up time for exercise is no sign of weakness by any means Many professional athletes find they have to take time off from training from time to time so their bodies Can heal from their strenuous workouts that their sports demand. And you are no exception. So when you get really sore and tired you may want to try taking a small vacation and just relaxing. This is always a good idea if you are a family person. Rest and relaxation is good for the body and the psyche. And some “Me” time is always a good idea.


Tendonitis is more serious than simple muscle pain and must be treated properly. Tendons are the fibers that hold your muscles to the bones in your body. Tendonitis is when your tendons receive constant stress or overuse from your muscles.

When dealing with sore tendons similar methods may be employed. The best cure for tendonitis is simple prevention, Such as stretching before exercise.

These are the 6 basic treatment options for tendonitis
  1. Applying ice packs or heat packs to the painful area. (The very first option you should choose)
  2. Taking aspirin. (The second option)
  3. Exercise or simple stretching exercises.
  4. Simply resting the afflicted area.
  5. There are medications that can be used for tendonitis (Only after persistent pain)
  6. Surgery (The very last resort)

How to treat Athlete’s foot

Athlete’s foot is a dry and painful affliction of the feet. Usually it is a burning sensation between your toes You can visually tell if you have athlete’s foot by observing if you have wet flaky skin hanging from your feet. And a small red rash. Usually there is a white or a very pale spot involved. These are the classical symptoms of athlete’s foot.

Athlete’s food is caused by a microscopic fungus called “Tinea Pedis”. This microscopic fungus thrives in warm and wet atmospheres such as a shower or a bathtub. You can prevent Athlete’s food by simply cleaning your bathing area regularly. Ordinary household bleach is very effective in killing and preventing the athlete’s foot fungus. You must be sure to clean all of your bathing area, That also includes the shower curtain.

You can help prevent Athlete’s foot by drying between your toes with a dry towel. This is especially true if you frequent the shower rooms of public gymnasiums.

If you have Athlete’s foot there are literally thousands of cures available without a doctors prescription. There are Creams and Powders. There are Foot sprays that will kill the foot fungus on contact. You should treat your athlete’s foot with such medications for at least two to three weeks. You should also take frequent baths or showers to clean the affected areas taking care to dry between your toes. The Athlete’s foot fungus thrives in the damp areas of the human foot.

Athlete’s foot is something that can affect us all so you should not be ashamed to talk to your doctor or coach About any trouble you are having.

The ancient Greeks had athlete’s foot as stated by wall paintings on the ancient Olympic games. The roman gladiators also suffered from athlete’s foot. But they did not have the modern medications available to you today!

Athlete’s foot is not very communicable.

That means if you have it and you live with other people they probably wont catch it. Some people are more prone to catching athlete’s foot than others. And if you catch it early and treat it you will have no other problems with this fungus. You can help prevent athlete’ foot by wearing shower shoes or clogs in the gymnasium.

As always it is advisable to clean your bathing area in your home if you have athlete’s foot That way the fungus won’t find a new home with you. Athlete’s Foot Symptoms
  1. Dry Itchy skin.
  2. Rash.
  3. Skin flaking between your toes.
  4. Burning sensation between your toes.
Athlete’s Foot Treatment

You can easily purchase athlete’s foot medication anywhere without a doctor’s prescription.
  • Any store pharmacist knows what works best.
  • Creams and Ointment
  • Foot Powder
  • Foot Spray
And as always bath regularly to remove any left over fungus from your feet. This includes drying between your toes to prevent any natural habitat for the fungus. Applying talcum powder to your feet will cut down on perspiration and will discourage the fungus reproduction. Applying anti biotic spray to the insides of your shoes is also advisable.

How to treat a black eye

A black eye is unsightly but can quickly develop into a dangerous medical condition if not properly treated

In any kind of sports activities or exercise class it is often necessary to treat accidents that happen in class. One of the all too common accidents is a black eye.

A black eye is not necessarily dangerous.

But if the bruised part of the flesh surrounding the eye swells up it can be an impediment to your vision Requiring emergency medical treatment. Also a large bruise can lead to a staff infection requiring a doctor’s treatment as well.

What is a black eye?

A black eye is a simple bruise that forms around the eye socket of the skull. A bruise is a pool of blood that forms around any area of damage. This is the way your body fight infection Of any kind of wounds. The blood both cleans the wound and carries white blood cells to the afflicted area.

The Medical tools needed:

An ice pack. A warm damp towel. Aspirin Substitute. (Aspirin can cause blood clotting) Undesirable for treating a black eye Groceries. (Fruit Juice)

The treatment.
  1. Placing a cold compress or an ice bag over the area immediately will greatly reduce the darkness of the bruise.
  2. After using a cold compress, placing a warm compress over the area will help sooth the pain.
  3. Take any kind of pain reliever that does not contain aspirin.
  4. Drink plenty of citrus juice. It has been proven that vitamin-C helps reduce bruising and inflammation.
If you follow these prescribed treatments you can greatly reduce the unsightly appearance of a black eye. Including any slight medical complications such a bruise on your eye shall entail. A small bruise will not require medical attention. However a large bruise may require a doctor’s examination and treatment

How to treat a bleeding nose.

A red or a bleeding nose is unsightly, but must be treated immediately.

In any martial arts class or any exercise class you are almost bound to have a pupil with a bleeding nose sometime. A bleeding nose comes from broken blood capillaries in the nose. These are tiny, almost microscopic blood vessels in the sinus area. It may be that the pupil accidentally falls on to the floor during training. A training partner may accidentally strike the pupil, or just the simple physical exertion can cause a nosebleed. These are an everyday occurrence in the sports world, and not needing a doctor’s care if treated immediately.

Special Note: Any and all blood must be considered to be a dangerous and contaminating substance. Containing any number of impurities including A.I.D.S., Hepatitis. And Hepatitis B Simple and everyday precautions can greatly reduce the likelihood of blood borne contamination.

Medical tools required:
  1. An ice bag.
  2. Aspirin or aspirin substitute.
  3. Paper towels.
  4. Groceries. (Fruit Juice)
  5. A warm washrag.
  6. Plastic Surgical Gloves kept in your emergency medical kit.
  7. Soap and water.
When you detect a student has a bleeding nose you should immediately call him or her to the side. And treat the pupil out of the view of the other students. (After taking appropriate precautions of course)

This will reduce the pupil from being embarrassed by the other student’s surprised, but understandable reactions. And reduce the likely hood of any nuisance rumors about your class.

And the last thing in the world that you want is an angry, or irate parent calling you on the telephone And enquiring about the ninja sword fight that broke out in your school, and how many of your students died?

Treatment for a bleeding nose.
  1. First you should pinch the sides of your nose nearest the face. This will help staunch the flow of blood and help to form a blood clot.
  2. Roll up a single paper towel into a finger sized wad and wrap it in a “U” shape under your nose. All the while pinching the nose. This shall staunch the flow of blood mater and help keep your face and clothing clean.
  3. Next place an ice pack and place it over the nose area. The cold will help contract the blood vessels in the nose and stop the bleeding.
  4. If you are in pain you may consider taking some aspirin.
  5. Now lean forward. Contrary to popular belief it is advisable to lean forward for a bleeding nose. Leaning with your head backwards can lead to congestion and choking.
  6. Sit down in a cool place and rest. Allow the broken blood capillaries in the victims nose time to heal.
  7. Afterwards wash your hands diligently with soap and water, and then dry with a paper towel. This simple act in itself will reduce the likelihood of blood borne contamination.
  8. If bleeding persists summon immediate medical attention!
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