Hereís what you need to know about piriformis syndrome (Sciatic Pain)...
If youíre reading this article, itís a good bet that you have a radiating pain running down the back
of your leg that just wonít go away. If what Iím about to tell you sounds familiar, donít worry,
help is on the way.
Sciatica and Piriformis Syndrome are the same condition... it is just that the medical community is
starting to call the condition by the muscle (Piriformis) that is involved and getting away from
calling it by the name of the nerve that is involved (sciatic) nothing more than semantics.
Did you go see your primary care physician and get diagnosis of Sciatica only to have them refer you
to an orthopedic specialist and than get a diagnosis of Piriformis Syndrome... and than be told to
see a Physical Therapist and the PT tells you a little heat, ultra sound, electrical stimulation and
some therapeutic exercises and we will have you good as new???
If this is the path you have been down and you're tired of all the worthless treatments that just
donít work, you must read this article! I guarantee you, it will likely be far different than what
you have read or heard anywhere else!
First, let me tell you why todayís traditional treatment methods just flat out miss the boat. The
medical community is so conditioned and focused on treating only the symptoms and trying to get in
as many patients a day as possible, that many people are misdiagnosed and/or mistreated.
Sciatic pain is simply caused by pressure being placed on the sciatic nerve and there are primarily
four things that can create this... you may have one or more of the following:
1. Pressure caused by shortening and tightening of the piriformis muscle. This is almost always due
to months or years of muscle imbalances in the hip rotator muscles.
2. Pressure caused by spinal stenosis, which is a decrease in the space between the vertebrae. This
is primarily caused by uneven pressure and compression due to muscle imbalances.
3. Pressure caused by Isthmic spondylolisthesis which is simply when a vertebrae slips or moves...
this can sometimes pinch the sciatic nerve but often times people who have this condition donít have
any pain, symptoms, or even know they have it!
4. Pressure caused by a herniated or bulging disc. A herniation is when a disc protrudes out from
between the vertebrae and this can either be caused by an event like a car accident, or, by months
or years of uneven pressure due to muscle imbalances. It is also important to note that many people
with herniated discs donít even experience pain or symptoms, and many donít know they have the
As you can see, there is a trend here... in nearly every case, muscle imbalances are the primary
cause of the pressure being placed on the sciatic nerve.
If you are not sure which one of the four is causing your sciatic pain, I recommend you start with
the basics. Most cases of sciatic pain are caused by muscle imbalances so if you begin to work on
correcting any muscle imbalances you have, you should start to see improvement right away.
There are several self assessments you can perform to help identify which specific muscle imbalances
you have and these are covered in our Lose the Back Pain Video along with step-by-step instructions
on what to do to eliminate your imbalances and pain. You can learn more by visiting http://www.losethebackpain.com
Sciatic pain comes about either due to a traumatic event, muscle imbalances, or a combination of
The event scenario is most likely the catalyst for sudden onset of sciatic pain. So what happensÖ
when there is undue stress on the Piriformis muscle that stress causes it to go into spasm and then
you have pain due to the Piriformis muscle putting pressure on the sciatic nerve.
In most cases, people go to physical therapy or minimize their physical activity to break the pain Ė
spasm cycle and in most cases your symptoms subside. HoweverÖthe event will also set you up for a
life time of sciatic pain if the Piriformis muscle does not recover 100% in both strength and
When you have an injury to a muscle, both strength and flexibility are compromised, and if your
recovery ends before strength and flexibility return, you will never be 100% and will likely
struggle with the problem forever.
The other way sciatic pain creeps into your life is due to your lifestyle and habits, and that is
what we like to call the process. The process can be described as a prolonged onset of symptoms
based on your everyday activities...
However, from a technical stand point the process really describes the development of the muscle
imbalance in your hip. The Piriformis muscle is responsible for external rotation (moving your leg
so your feet point outward). So over time that muscle gets tight from the positions you put your
self in and weakens from lack of use.
Let me give you some examples of what I mean:
1. If you sit on the edge of your chair with you legs separated and your feet pointing outward you
are keeping your Piriformis muscle in a shortened position and thatís how it gets tight and with
extended sitting in that position, it gets weak form lack of use. Hence the imbalance.
2. Another example is runners and bikers who actually work very hard tend to get sciatica because
they fail to keep a strength vs. stretch balance in their workouts. Hence the imbalance creates a
greater pull toward external rotation and the result is a tight Piriformis and an irritated sciatic
nerve creating pain.
These are just two examples of how muscle imbalances can affect the Piriformis muscle and cause
Sciatic pain. You may not be a runner or cyclist but Iíll bet you have muscle imbalances that are
causing your sciatic pain!
To learn more about muscle imbalances and how they affect your body, please read our article "Aches,
Pains, and Injuries" which you can find on our website here: Aches and Pains Article
Recovery Tip: In severe cases, the sciatic pain can run from the top of the hip to the bottom of the
foot. It is very important to recognize that changes and shifting of pain is often times a sign of
improvement. Further more as a way of gauging recovery, take note of how far down the leg the pain
goes. If the pain goes to the foot one day and then only makes it to the calf and then to the knee
and then it can only make it to the hamstring that is a sign of improvement. You should feel good
about those noticeable improvements and this should give you encouragement to keep working toward a
full remission of pain.
So how do you get rid of your pain? Will learning one new stretch be enough? It very well may be.
However depending on the severity of your condition you may need to change your activities of daily
living to include new stretches, new exercises that include the use of the hip rotators like roller-
blading, basketball, tennis, etc, and even better, specific corrective exercise specific to your
situation... like those covered in our video. As always, learn as much as you can about your
condition, so that you can ask the tough questions to your healthcare providers and get the best
One last point, sciaitic pain is not caused by a lack of prescription medications so donít think
that taking some anti-inflammatories or muscle relaxants will fix it... it wonít! Also, many people
are able to eliminate sciatic pain within days just by performing a few exercises and stretches...
but not general exercise... the exact corrective exercises and stretches they need to do.
Find out whatís causing your sciatic pain and learn exactly which exercises and stretches you should
be doing by watching our Lose the Back Pain Video.
Order your copy now online at http://www.losethebackpain.com
Article by Jesse Cannone of http://www.losethebackpain.com.
Jesse is a certified personal fitness trainer and post-rehab specialist and he has helped hundreds
of individuals to eliminate their back pain. Visit his site now and be sure to sign up for his free
email course on eliminating back pain.
- Name: Jesse Cannone CFT, CPRS, CSPN
- Date: 01/18/04 at 09:41
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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